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حرب التلاتين سنه
The Hanging by Jacques Callot.jpg
Les Grandes Misères de la guerre (The Great Miseries of War) بريشة چاك كالوت, 1632.
LocationEurope (primarily present day Germany)

Peace of Westphalia


Protestant States and Allies قالب:بيانات Sweden Sweden
قالب:بيانات Denmark Denmark-Norway (1625-1629)[2]
United Provinces
Electoral Palatinate
Brunswick-Lüneburg Arms.svg Brunswick-Lüneburg
Hungarian Anti-Habsburg Rebels[4]
Zaporozhian Cossacks[بحاجة لمصدر]

Ottoman Empire

Roman Catholic States and Allies Holy Roman Empire[5]

Spain and its possessions

قالب:بيانات Denmark Denmark-Norway (1643-1645)[2]
Commanders and leaders

قالب:بيانات Sweden Gustavus II Adolphus 
قالب:بيانات Sweden Johan Banér
قالب:بيانات Sweden Lennart Torstenson
قالب:بيانات Sweden Carl Gustaf Wrangel
قالب:بيانات Sweden Charles X Gustav
قالب:بيانات Kingdom of France Louis XIII of France
قالب:بيانات Kingdom of France Cardinal Richelieu
قالب:بيانات Kingdom of France Marquis de Feuquieres 
قالب:بيانات Kingdom of France Louis II de Bourbon
قالب:بيانات Kingdom of France Vicomte de Turenne
قالب:بيانات Bohemia Frederick V
قالب:بيانات Bohemia Jindrich Matyas Thurn
قالب:بيانات Bohemia Christian I of Anhalt-Bernburg
قالب:بيانات Denmark Christian IV of Denmark
قالب:بيانات Electorate of Saxony Bernhard of Saxe-Weimar
قالب:بيانات Electorate of Saxony Johann Georg I of Saxony
قالب:بيانات Dutch Republic Maurice of Nassau
قالب:بيانات Dutch Republic Piet Pieterszoon Hein
قالب:بيانات Dutch Republic William of Nassau
قالب:بيانات Dutch Republic Frederik Hendrik of Orange
قالب:بيانات Dutch Republic Maarten Tromp
قالب:بيانات Dutch Republic Ernst Casimir
قالب:بيانات Dutch Republic Hendrik Casimir I
قالب:بيانات Kingdom of England Duke of Buckingham
قالب:بيانات Kingdom of Scotland Earl of Leven
Gabriel Bethlen
Ernst von Mansfeld
Christian of Brunswick

Bohdan Khmelnytsky[بحاجة لمصدر]

قالب:بيانات Holy Roman Empire Johann Tserclaes, Count of Tilly 
قالب:بيانات Holy Roman Empire Albrecht von Wallenstein
قالب:بيانات Holy Roman Empire Ferdinand II
قالب:بيانات Holy Roman Empire Ferdinand III
قالب:بيانات Holy Roman Empire Franz von Mercy 
قالب:بيانات Holy Roman Empire Johann von Werth
قالب:بيانات Holy Roman EmpireGottfried Heinrich Graf zu Pappenheim
Fahne Kurbayern.gif Maximilian I
قالب:بيانات Spain Philip IV of Spain
قالب:بيانات Spain Count-Duke of Olivares
قالب:بيانات Spain Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba
قالب:بيانات Spain Ambrosio Spinola
قالب:بيانات Spain Cardinal-Infante Ferdinand
قالب:بيانات Spain Gómez Suárez de Figueroa
قالب:بيانات Spain Fadrique de Toledo
قالب:بيانات Spain Antonio de Oquendo
قالب:بيانات Spain Francisco de Melo

قالب:بيانات Spain Diego Felipez de Guzmán

495,000 men:

  • 150,000 Swedish
  • 20,000 Danish & Norwegian
  • 75,000 Dutch
  • Approx: 100-150,000 Germans
  • 150,000 French
  • 20-30,000 Hungarians (Anti-Habsburg Hungarian rebels)
  • 6,000 Transylvanians

450,000 men:

  • 300,000 Spanish (includes soldiers from the Spanish Netherlands and Italy)
  • 100-200,000 Germans
  • Approx: 20,000 Hungarian and Croatian cavalry[7]
Casualties and losses
قالب:Campaignbox Thirty Years' War

قالب:Campaignbox Palatinate campaign

قالب:Campaignbox Anglo–Spanish War (1625–1630)

حرب التلاتين سنه من سنة 1618 لسنة 1648 حصلت فى المنطقه اللى دلوقتى تبقا المانيا لكن فى أوقات مختلفه شملت معظم بلاد أوروبا و كانت واحده من أكتر الصراعات المدمرة فى تاريخ اوروبا . اصل النزاع و اهداف المشاركين كانت معقده ، و مش ممكن وصف سبب واحد إنه السبب الرئيسى للحرب. فى البداية ، كان سبب الحرب لحد كبير الصراع الدينى بين البروتستانت و الكاتوليك فى الامبراطوريه الرومانيه المقدسه.


  1. George Ripley, Charles Anderson Dana, The American Cyclopaedia, New York, 1874, p. 250, "...the standard of France was white, sprinkled with golden fleur de lis...". *[1] The original Banner of France was strewn with fleurs-de-lis. *[2]:on the reverse of this plate it says: "Le pavillon royal était véritablement le drapeau national au dix-huitième siecle...Vue du chateau d'arrière d'un vaisseau de guerre de haut rang portant le pavillon royal (blanc, avec les armes de France)."   "Flag". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). 1911. "The oriflamme and the Chape de St Martin were succeeded at the end of the 16th century, when Henry III., the last of the house of Valois, came to the throne, by the white standard powdered with fleurs-de-lis. This in turn gave place to the famous tricolour." France entered the war in 1635.
  2. أ ب 1625-1629. Aligned with the Catholic Powers 1643-1645.
  3. At war with Spain 1625-30 (and France 1627-29).
  4. Scores Hungarians was fall into line with army of Gabriel Bethlen in 1620. Ágnes Várkonyi: Age of the Reforms, Magyar Könyvklub publisher, 1999. ISBN 963-547-070-3
  5.   "Flag". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). 1911. "The Austrian imperial standard has, on a yellow ground, the black double-headed eagle, on the breast and wings of which are imposed shields bearing the arms of the provinces of the empire. The flag is bordered all round, the border being composed of equal-sided triangles with their apices alternately inwards and outwards, those with their apices pointing inwards being alternately yellow and white, the others alternately scarlet and black ." Also, Whitney Smith, Flags through the ages and across the world, McGraw-Hill, England, 1975 ISBN 0-07-059093-1, pp.114 - 119, "The imperial banner was a golden yellow cloth...bearing a black eagle...The double-headed eagle was finally established by Sigismund as regent...".
  6. Gabriel Bethlen's army numbered 5,000 Hungarian pikeman and 1,000 German mercenary, with the anti-Habsburg Hungarian rebels numbered together approx. 35,000 men. László Markó: The Great Honors of the Hungarian State (A Magyar Állam Főméltóságai), Magyar Könyvklub 2000. ISBN 963-547-085-1
  7. László Markó: The Great Honors of the Hungarian State (A Magyar Állam Főméltóságai), Magyar Könyvklub 2000. ISBN 963-547-085-1
  8. Norman Davies, Europe, p.568