الفرق بين النسختين بتاع «امريكا»

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تصليح وصله
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ص (تصليح وصله)
|official_languages = None at federal level{{Ref label|engoffbox|a|}}
|languages_type = [[National language]]
|languages = [[American English|English]] (''[[حكم الواقع|de facto]]''){{Ref label|engfactobox|b|}}
|capital = [[Washington, D.C.]]
|largest_city = [[New York City]]
|latd = 38|latm=53|latNS=N|longd=77|longm=01|longEW=W
|government_type = [[جمهوريه دستوريه]] [[نظام رئاسى|رئاسيه]] [[فيدرالى|فيدراليه]]
|leader_title1 = [[Presidentرئيس of the United Statesامريكا|President]]
|leader_name1 = [[باراك اوباما]] ([[Democraticالحزب Partyالديموقراطى (Unitedفى States)امريكا|D]])
|leader_title2 = [[Vice President of the United States|Vice President]]
|leader_name2 = [[Joe Biden]] ([[Democraticالحزب Partyالديموقراطى (Unitedفى States)امريكا|D]])
|leader_title3 = {{nowrap|[[Speaker of the United States House of Representatives|Speaker of the House]]}}
|leader_name3 = [[John Boehner]] ([[Republicanالحزب Partyالجمهورى (Unitedفى States)امريكا|R]])
|leader_title4 = [[Chief Justice of the United States|Chief Justice]]
|leader_name4 = [[John Roberts]]
|Gini_rank = 39th
|Gini_year = 2007
|currency = [[دولار امريكانى|United States dollar]] ($)
|currency_code = USD
|country_code = USA
|demonym = [[Americans|American]]
|footnotes =
{{note|engoffbox}}a. English is the official language of at least 28 states—some sources give higher figures, based on differing definitions of "official". English and [[Hawaiian language|Hawaiian]] are both official languages in the state of [[هاواى|Hawaii]].
 
{{note|engfactobox}}b. English is the ''de facto'' language of American government and the sole language spoken at home by 80 percent of Americans age five and older. Spanish is the [[Spanish language in the United States|second most commonly spoken language]].
{{note|UTCbox}}e. See [[Time in the United States]] for details about laws governing time zones in the United States.
 
{{note|ISO3166box}}f. Does not include [[Insular area]]s and [[جزر امريكا البعيده الصغيره|United States Minor Outlying Islands]], which have their own [[ISO 3166]] codes.
}}<!--
The opening paragraphs on this subject are a topic of great debate. Check the discussion page before editing. In particular, do ''not'' add mention of the territories to the first sentence: they are possessions of the United States, not part of it.
 
== تاريخ ==
الامريكان الاصليين بما فيهم سكان ألاسكا الأصليين يعتقد إنهم هاجروا من [[اسيا|آسيا]] لأراضى الولايات المتحدة من حوالى 40،000 و 12،000 سنه<ref>{{cite web|url=http://anthropology.si.edu/HumanOrigins/faq/americas.htm|archiveurl=http://web.archive.org/web/20071128083459/http://anthropology.si.edu/HumanOrigins/faq/americas.htm|archivedate=November 28, 2007|title=Peopling of Americas|publisher=Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History|month=June|year=2004|accessdate=June 19, 2007}}</ref>. لما الأوروبيين وصلو الأمريكتين مات ملايين من الأميركيين الأصليين من أوبئة الأمراض المستوردة زى الجدرى<ref>{{Cite journal|author=Meltzer, D.J.|year=1992|title=How Columbus Sickened the New World: Why Were Native Americans So Vulnerable to the Diseases European Settlers Brought With Them?|journal=New Scientist|page=38|url=http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg13618424.700-how-columbus-sickened-the-new-world-why-were-nativeamericans-so-vulnerable-to-the-diseases-european-settlers-brought-with-them.html}}</ref>. كل الأراضى اللى بيتقال عليها أراضى الولايات المتحده الرئيسيه كانت قبل كده أراضى [[امريكان اصليين فى امريكا|السكان الأصليين]] .
 
امريكا بقت دولة مستقلة مع [[اعلان استقلال امريكا|إعلان الاستقلال]] يوم 4 يوليه سنة 1776 و ضمت [[جمهورية تكساس]] سنة 1845 و إنتصار امريكا فى الحرب المكسيكية الأمريكية خللا [[تنازل 1848|تتنازل المكسيك]] عن كاليفورنيا و جزء كبير من جنوب غرب أمريكا <ref name="McIlwraithMuller2001">{{cite book|author1=Thomas F. McIlwraith|author2=Edward K. Muller|title=North America: The Historical Geography of a Changing Continent|url=http://books.google.com/books?id=8NS0OTXRlTMC&pg=PA61|year=2001|publisher=Rowman & Littlefield|isbn=978-0-7425-0019-8|page=61}}</ref>
و [[الحرب الاسبانية الامريكية]] و [[الحرب العالميه الأولى|الحرب العالمية الأولى]] أكدو مكانة امريكا إنها قوة عسكرية عالمية
 
== سكان ==
 
== العلاقات الخارجية والعسكرية ==
امريكا ليها نفوذ إقتصادى و سياسى و عسكرى كبير و هيا عضو دائم ف [[مجلس الامن|مجلس الأمن]] التابع للأمم المتحدة و مدينة [[نيويورك]] بتستضيف [[مقر الأمم المتحدة]] و هيا عضو ف [[چى 8]]<ref>{{cite web | url=http://www.g8.utoronto.ca/what_is_g8.html | title=What is the G8? | publisher=University of Toronto | work=utoronto.ca | accessdate=February 11, 2012}}</ref>
 
امريكا ليها [[علاقة خاصة]] مع [[المملكه المتحده|المملكة المتحدة]] <ref>{{cite news|url=http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1390800/Obama-reaffirms-special-relationship-US-historic-speech-MPs.html|title=Brotherhood of the Burger Kings: Obama and Cameron Hail 'Stronger than Ever' Special Relationship|publisher=Mail Online| date=2011-05-26|accessdate=2011-08-28|location=London|first=James|last=Chapman}}</ref> و صلات قوية مع [[كندا]],<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/96-397.pdf|title=Canada–U.S. Relations|author=Ek, Carl, and Ian F. Fergusson|publisher=Congressional Research Service| date=2010-09-03|accessdate=2011-08-28}}</ref> [[اوستراليا|أستراليا]],<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.worldcat.org/title/australia-background-and-us-relations/oclc/70208969?title=&detail=&page=frame&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.fas.org%2Fsgp%2Fcrs%2Frow%2FRL33010.pdf%26checksum%3Df2a13dd063242d8cf4b00dfda18441af&linktype=digitalObject|title=Australia: Background and U.S. Relations|author=Vaughn, Bruce|publisher=Congressional Research Service| date=2008-08-08|accessdate=2011-08-28}}</ref> [[نيوزيلاندا|نيوزيلندا]],<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RL32876.pdf|title=New Zealand: Background and Bilateral Relations with the United States|author=Vaughn, Bruce|publisher=Congressional Research Service| date=2011-05-27|accessdate=2011-08-28}}</ref> [[الفيليبين|الفلبين]] ,<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RL33233.pdf|title=The Republic of the Philippines and U.S. Interests|author=Lum, Thomas|publisher=Congressional Research Service| date=2011-01-03|accessdate=2011-08-03}}</ref> [[اليابان]],<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RL33436.pdf|title=Japan-U.S. Relations: Issues for Congress|author=Chanlett-Avery, Emma, et al.|publisher=Congressional Research Service| date=2011-06-08|accessdate=2011-08-28}}</ref> [[كوريا الجنوبيه|كوريا الجنوبية]],<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/R41481.pdf|title=U.S.–South Korea Relations: Issues for Congress|author=Manyin, Mark E., Emma Chanlett-Avery, and Mary Beth Nikitin|publisher=Congressional Research Service| date=2011-07-08|accessdate=2011-08-28}}</ref> [[اسرائيل|إسرائيل]],<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/mideast/RL33476.pdf|title=Israel: Background and U.S. Relations|author=Addis, Casey L.|publisher=Congressional Research Service| date=2011-02-14|accessdate=2011-08-28}}</ref> و دول أوروبية زى فرنسا و ألمانيا ،
 
== الانقسامات السياسية ==
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