امبراطوريه المانيا


امبراطوريه المانيا (المانى:Deutsches Reich), دى امبراطوريه المانيا اتآسست سنه 1871, وانهارت الدوله بعد هزيمه المانيا فى الحرب العالميه الاولانى سنه 1918.

Deutsches Reich
German Empire
1871–1918
Flag Coat of arms
Motto
Gott mit uns
"God with us"
النشيد الوطنى
Germany on the eve of World War I, in 1914
{قالب:Image map2 alt
States of the German Empire (Prussia shown in blue)
العاصمه Berlin
52°31′N 13°24′E / 52.517°N 13.400°E / 52.517; 13.400Coordinates: 52°31′N 13°24′E / 52.517°N 13.400°E / 52.517; 13.400
لغات Official:
German
الديانه Whitaker's data for 1890[1]
Majority:
62.8% Protestant (Lutheran, Reformed, United)
Government Federal semi-constitutional monarchy
(until August 1916)
Federal semi-constitutional monarchy under a military dictatorship
(August 1916 to October 1918)
Federal parliamentary semi-constitutional monarchy under a military dictatorship
(October 1918 to November 1918)
Emperor
 - 1871–1888 Wilhelm I
 - 1888 Frederick III
 - 1888–1918 Wilhelm II
Chancellor
 - 1871–1890 Otto von Bismarck (first)
 - 1918 Max von Baden (last)
Legislature Reichstag
 - Federal Council Bundesrat
Historical era New Imperialism/First World War
 - Unification 18 January 1871
 - Constitution adopted 16 April 1871
 - First World War 28 July 1914
 - German Revolution 3 November 1918
 - Armistice declared 11 November 1918
 - Abdication of Wilhelm II[2] 28 November 1918
 - Treaty of Versailles 28 June 1919
المساحه
 - 1900 540,857.54 km2 (208,826 sq mi)
Population
 - 1871 est. 40,050,792 
 - 1900 est. 52,279,915 
     ‏كثافه سكانيه 96.7 /km2  (250.4 /sq mi)
 - 1910 est. 64,925,993 
عمله Vereinsthaler,
South German gulden, Bremen thaler,
Hamburg mark,
French franc,
(until 1873, together)
German gold mark,
(1873–1914)
German Papiermark
(1914–1918)
اللى قبل كده
اللى بعد كده
North German Confederation
Kingdom of Bavaria
Kingdom of Württemberg
Grand Duchy of Baden
Grand Duchy of Hesse
Weimar Republic
Second Polish Republic
Saar Basin
Free City of Danzig
Republic of Lithuania
First Czechoslovak Republic
دلوقتى جزء من  Germany
 Poland
 France
 Denmark
 Russia
 Belgium
 Lithuania
Area and population not including colonial possessions
Area source:[3] Population source:[4][not in citation given]

مراجعتعديل

  1. Whitaker's Almanak, 1897, by Joseph Whitaker; p. 548
  2. Statement of Abdication of Wilhelm II
  3. "German Empire: administrative subdivision and municipalities, 1900 to 1910" (in German). Retrieved 25 April 2007. 
  4. "Population statistics of the German Empire, 1871" (in German). Retrieved 25 April 2007.